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Evidence of Indian Government's involvement in the massacres of Sikh civilians in the aftermath of Indira Gandhi's assassination

Large scale Sikh genocide was being planned by the top layers of government including Gandhi herself. The plan, known as Operation Shanti, was to take place around November 8, as was a surprise attack on Pakistan. Beant Singh, the man who assassinated Gandhi, heard of Operation Shanti from R. K. Dhawan, Special Assistant to the Prime Minister and decided to kill Gandhi. [source: The Sikhs in History by Sangat Singh]

Although her death helped avert a complete genocide of the Sikhs, the framework for the attack had already been made and the lists of Sikhs and their businesses in Delhi had already been made. These lists were handed out to the rioters, who then knew exactly which shops to burn, which places to loot, and which homes to destroy. [source: "Who are the Guilty?"]

Police were calling up residents and driving around in jeeps equipped with loudspeakers telling the population that train loads of dead Hindu bodies were arriving and that Sikhs were poisoning Delhi's water supply. These two statements were officially repudiated by the government and led to an incredibly high level of tension and hatred of Sikhs by the Hindus. [source: "Who are the Guilty?"]

Upon arrival at Palam airport in Delhi and hearing of his mother's assassination, Rajiv Gandhi told those present, "My mother has been shot dead. What are you doing here? Go, and take revenge. No turban (distinctive Sikh headdress) should be seen." [source: The Sikhs in History by Sangat Singh (talks on November 1, 1984 with a RAW inspector who was present at the airport)]

A large percentage of the mob was brought from outside the locality (the Delhi neighborhoods where the rioting took place) and were transported in vehicles. "In the areas which were most affected ... the mobs were led by local Congress (I) politicians." the areas that were affected and had the largest concentration of looters were strong bases of the Congress (I) and were the " through which masses are mobilised for demonstration of Congress (I)'s ostensible popular support." [source: "Who are the Guilty?"]

The Sikhs in the Delhi police force (20% of the force) were withdrawn and the Sikh soldiers in Delhi were disarmed and confined to the barracks. [source: The Sikhs in History by Sangat Singh]

Even after repeated pleas by various opposition (non- Congress (I)) members of Parliament to Home Minister (MR. P. V. Narasimha Rao, now the Prime Minister of India) to bring in the army to help restore peace, no action was taken to restore peace until November 3, the day of Gandhi's funeral and also the day many foreign dignitaries would be in Delhi for the funeral. [source: "Who are the Guilty?"]

Some politicians not only gave information about the Sikhs, but offered rewards such as 100 rupees and a bottle of liquor to everyone in the mobs (ex: Sajjan Kumar, Congress (I) MP). [source: Who are the Guilty? ]


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